High variability in dissolved iron concentrations in the vicinity of the Kerguelen Islands (Southern Ocean)

Date 2015-11
Author(s) Quéroué F1, 2, 3, 4, Sarthou G2, Planquette H. F.2, Bucciarelli E1, 2, Chever F2, Van Der Merwe P4, Lannuzel D3, 4, Townsend A. T.5, Cheize M.2, Blain S6, 7, D'Ovidio F8, Bowie A. R.3, 4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Université de Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, 29200 Brest, France
2 : LEMAR-UMR 6539, CNRS-UBO-IRD-IFREMER, Place Nicolas Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France
3 : Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
4 : Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
5 : Central Science Laboratory, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
6 : Laboratoire Océanographie Biologique de Banyuls sur Mer, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 06, quai Fontaulé, 66650 Banyuls sur Mer, France
7 : Laboratoire Océanographie Biologique de Banyuls sur Mer, CNRS, Paris 06, quai Fontaulé, 66650 Banyuls sur Mer, France
8 : Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06)-CNRS-IRD-MNHN, LOCEAN-IPSL, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
DOI 10.17882/40729
Publisher SEANOE
Abstract

Dissolved Fe (dFe) concentrations were measured in the upper 1300 m of the water column in the vicinity of the Kerguelen Islands as part of the second KErguelen Ocean Plateau compared Study (KEOPS2). Concentrations ranged from 0.06 nmol L-1 in offshore, Southern Ocean waters to 3.82 nmol L-1 within Hillsborough Bay, on the north-eastern coast of the Kerguelen Islands. Direct island runoff, glacial melting and resuspended sediments were identified as important inputs of dFe that could potentially fertilise the northern part of the plateau. A significant deep dFe enrichment was observed over the plateau with dFe concentrations increasing up to 1.30 nmol L-1 close to the seafloor, probably due to sediment resuspension and pore water release. Biological uptake was shown to induce a significant decrease in dFe concentrations between two visits (28 days apart) at a station above the plateau. Our work also considered other processes and sources, such as lateral advection of enriched seawater, remineralisation processes, and the influence of the polar front (PF) as a vector for Fe transport. Overall, heterogeneous sources of Fe over and off the Kerguelen Plateau, in addition to strong variability in Fe supply by vertical or horizontal transport, may explain the high variability in dFe concentrations observed during this study.

Licence CC-BY-NC-ND
Data
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How to cite 

Quéroué F, Sarthou G, Planquette H. F., Bucciarelli E, Chever F, Van Der Merwe P, Lannuzel D, Townsend A. T., Cheize M., Blain S, D'Ovidio F, Bowie A. R. (2015). High variability in dissolved iron concentrations in the vicinity of the Kerguelen Islands (Southern Ocean). SEANOE. https://doi.org/10.17882/40729