ReefTEMPS : The Pacific Island coastal ocean observation network

Date 2022-03
Temporal extent 1958-01-01 -2021-09-28
Author(s) Varillon David1, Fiat Sylvie2, Magron Franck4, Allenbach Michel5, Hoibian Thierry5, de Ramon N'Yeurt Antoine6, Ganachaud AlexandreORCID7, Aucan JérômeORCID7, Pelletier BernardORCID8, Hocdé RégisORCID9
Contributor(s) Brissebrat Guillaume, Andriatiana Andry, Grelet Jacques, Bachelier Céline
Affiliation(s) 1 : US IMAGO, IRD, Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
2 : ENTROPIE, IRD, Univ Réunion, CNRS, Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
3 : OSU OMP, Toulouse, France
4 : CPS, Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
5 : UNC, Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
6 : USP PACE-SD, Fidji
7 : LEGOS, IRD, Toulouse, France / Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
8 : GEOAZUR, IRD, Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
9 : MARBEC, IRD, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, Ifremer, Montpellier, France
DOI 10.17882/55128
Publisher SEANOE

ReefTEMPS is a sensors network initiated in 1958 to monitor the coastal area of the South, West and South-West Pacific. This long-term observatory allows the acquisition of several parameters: Sea temperature, Electrical conductivity / practical salinity, Sea pressure / Waves height & period / sea level, Fluorescence, Turbidity, with high or medium frequency (from 1 second to 30 minutes). The main objective is to study the climatic parameters of the tropical ocean with a focus on the coastal sea waters to monitor the long-term effects of the global change and its impacts on the coral reefs and theirs resources.

ReefTEMPS is part of the French national federative Research Infrastructure for coastal ocean and seashore observations named IR I-LICO. It is an observation service operated by ENTROPIE since 2019 (and before by the GOPS (South Pacific integrated observatory for the environment, terrestrial and marine biodiversity) in 2010-2017 and by LEGOS in 2018). FOUR operators each manage a sub-region: ENTROPIE/IRD New-Caledonia (New-Caledonia and Vanuatu), University of New-Caledonia (Wallis and Futuna), University of the South Pacific (USP) (Fiji) and the Pacific community (SPC) (Pacific States).

ReefTEMPS include a sensors-oriented environmental information system. It provides different types of interoperable services (including OGC standard SOS - Sensor Observation Service), each tailored to a specific scientific users community. The measurements provided by sensors, deployed for more than 40years for some, are stored in a dedicated database designed by US IMAGO in the late 2000s. By aggregating historical IRD stations, ReefTEMPS provides very long time series exceeding 60 years.

All data acquired are publicly accessible without any restriction (under CC-BY licence). The extracted data are accessible from this ReefTEMPS landing page with a downloadable ZIP file. All the data acquired, including the most recent data, are accessible from the ReefTEMPS data portal and through the different ReefTEMPS web services.

The ZIP archive contains all ReefTEMPS data acquiried since 1958 to the last update, for all parameters, and with different quality levels (from RAW to historical series). The ZIP archive contains 204 data files in NetCDF OceanCite 2.0 format. There is one file for each platform, with different parameter and different quality level.

Licence CC-BY-SA
Utilisation ReefTEMPS data are published without any warranty, express or implied. The user assumes all risk arising from his/her use of ReefTEMPS data. Data are intended to be research-quality and include estimates of data quality and accuracy, but it is possible that these estimates or the data themselves contain errors. It is the sole responsibility of the user to assess if the data are appropriate for his/her use, and to interpret the data, data quality, and data accuracy accordingly. The ReefTEMPS team welcome users to ask questions and report problems.
Acknowledgements The creation of the ReefTEMPS sensors network was carried out in 2010 in the framework of the South Pacific integrated observatory for the environment, terrestrial and marine biodiversity (GOPS). The sensors network was also funded by a grant from the French Ministry for Overseas Territories (“Le Fonds Pacifique”) and by the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (MESRI), the alliance AllEnvi, the French research infrastructure ILICO and the French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD). The authors also want to acknowledge the support received from the IRD of New-Caledonia, the University of New-Caledonia (UNC), the Pacific Community (SPC) and the University of the South Pacific (USP) for the data acquisition. The authors want to acknowledge the support received more widely from the IMAGO service unit, the Observatory Midi-Pyrénées (OSU OMP, and the GEOAZUR (, ENTROPIE (, LEGOS and MARBEC ( joined research units.
Sensor metadata
  • CTD (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) : Sea-Bird SBE16plus, Seabird SBE19 SEACAT PROFILER
  • MG (Marégraphe): DR-1050, HOBO U20-001-02 Water Level, RBR DR-1050, RBR RBRduo, RBR TGR-1050-P, RBR TWR-2050, RBRduo, RBRduo V10.570, Sea-Bird SBE26 SEAGAUGE, Sea-Bird SBE26plus, SEAGAUGE, TGR-1050-P, TWR-2050 V6.77
  • SEAU (meteorological bucket) : SEAU Meteorologique
  • THERMISTOR (Thermistor) : HOBO UTBI-001 TidbiT Temp, ONSET BUCKET HYBRIDE, ONSET Generique, Optic StowAway-TEMP(C)ONSET, RBR Data Logger TR-1050, RBR Data Logger TR-1060, RBR TR-1060, Sea-Bird SBE56
  • TSG (Temperature, Salinity) : INFINITY Data Logger ACTW-USB, Sea-Bird SBE16 SEACAT
File Size Format Processing Access Key
118 MB NC, NetCDF Quality controlled data Access on demand 56591
Readme 2 KB TEXTE Open access 56647
167 MB NC, NetCDF Quality controlled data Access on demand 60677
191 MB NC, NetCDF Quality controlled data Access on demand 66815
202 MB NC, NetCDF Quality controlled data Access on demand 72422
281 MB NC, NetCDF Quality controlled data Access on demand 82342
302 MB NC, NetCDF Quality controlled data Access on demand 88625
2022-03 Release 314 MB NC, NetCDF Processed data Open access 92288

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How to cite 

Varillon David, Fiat Sylvie, Magron Franck, Allenbach Michel, Hoibian Thierry, de Ramon N'Yeurt Antoine, Ganachaud Alexandre, Aucan Jérôme, Pelletier Bernard, Hocdé Régis (2022). ReefTEMPS : The Pacific Island coastal ocean observation network. SEANOE.

In addition to properly cite this dataset, it would be appreciated that the following work(s) be cited too, when using this dataset in a publication :

Cocquempot Lucie, Delacourt Christophe, Paillet Jerome, Riou Philippe, Aucan Jérôme, Castelle Bruno, Charria Guillaume, Claudet Joachim, Conan Pascal, Coppola Laurent, Hocdé Régis, Planes Serge, Raimbault Patrick, Savoye Nicolas, Testut Laurent, Vuillemin Renaud (2019). Coastal Ocean and Nearshore Observation: A French Case Study. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(324), 17p. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :