Population-specific variations of the genetic architecture of sex determination in wild European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L.

Date 2018
Author(s) Faggion Sara1, Vandeputte MarcORCID2, Chatain Beatrice3, Gagnaire Pierre-AlexandreORCID4, Allal FrancoisORCID3
Affiliation(s) 1 : University of Padova, Italia
2 : INRA, France
3 : Ifremer, France
4 : Université de Montpellier, France
DOI 10.17882/55576
Publisher SEANOE
Keyword(s) European sea bass, polygenic sex determination, wGWAS, heritability, genetic correlation
Abstract

Among the different sex determination modalities exhibited by fish species, polygenic sex determination (PSD) is supposedly unstable, with genetic and environmental components that may vary between populations exposed/adapted to different environments. European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is an interesting model, combining both a PSD system and a genetic subdivision into an Atlantic and a Mediterranean lineage, with genetic substructures within the Mediterranean Sea. We produced experimental progeny crosses (N = 927) from broodstock sampled in four wild populations (North Atlantic, NAT; Western Mediterranean, WEM; North-Eastern Mediterranean, NEM; South-Eastern Mediterranean, SEM). There were less females than males in the progeny, both in the global dataset (32.5%) and within each group of parental origin (from 25.1% for NEM to 39.0% for WEM), with significant variation among populations dams and sires. Sex, body weight (BW) and body length (BL) showed moderate heritability (0.52 ± 0.17, 0.46 ± 0.17, 0.34 ± 0.15, respectively). Sex was genetically correlated with BW and BL (rAsex/BW = 0.69 ± 0.12, rAsex/BL = 0.66 ± 0.13).

The weighted genome-wide association study (wGWAS) performed both on the global dataset and within each parental origin, revealed a different genetic architecture of sex determination between Atlantic and Mediterranean populations, with a gradient of similarities from Western to Eastern Mediterranean populations, consistent with the hypothesis of a population-specific evolution of polygenic sex determination systems in different environments.

Licence CC0
Data
File Size Format Processing Access
Dams (DAM ID) 98 bytes CSV Raw data Open access
Experimental fish (FISH ID; SIRE; DAM; ORIGIN; TANK; WEIGHT (g); LENGTH (mm); SEX) 50 KB CSV Raw data Open access
Genotype (Matrix of genotype) 7 MB CSV Raw data Open access
Sires (SIRE ID; ORIGIN) 946 bytes CSV Raw data Open access
SNPs (SNP ID; LG) 23 KB CSV Raw data Open access
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How to cite 

Faggion Sara, Vandeputte Marc, Chatain Beatrice, Gagnaire Pierre-Alexandre, Allal Francois (2018). Population-specific variations of the genetic architecture of sex determination in wild European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L. SEANOE. https://doi.org/10.17882/55576


In addition to properly cite this dataset, it would be appreciated that the following work(s) be cited too, when using this dataset in a publication :


Faggion Sara, Vandeputte Marc, Chatain Béatrice, Gagnaire Pierre-Alexandre, Allal François (2018). Population-specific variations of the genetic architecture of sex determination in wild European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L. Heredity, -. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-018-0157-z