The Green Edge initiative: understanding the processes controlling the under-ice Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom

Date 2019
Author(s) Massicotte PhilippeORCID1, Amiraux Rémi1, 2, Amyot Marie-Pier1, Archambault Philippe1, 3, Ardyna Mathieu4, 5, Arnaud Laurent6, Artigue Lise7, Aubry Cyril1, Ayotte Pierre8, 9, 10, Bécu Guislain1, Bélanger Simon11, Benner RonaldORCID12, Bittig Henry C.4, 13, Bricaud Annick4, Brossier Éric14, Bruyant Flavienne1, Chauvaud Laurent2, Christiansen-Stowe Debra15, Claustre Hervé4, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique16, Coupel Pierre1, Cox Christine14, Delaforge Aurelie17, Dezutter Thibaud1, Dimier Céline18, Dominé Florent1, Dufour Francis1, Dufresne Christiane3, 19, 20, Dumont Dany3, 19, 20, Ehn Jens17, Else Brent21, Ferland Joannie1, Forget Marie-Hélène1, Fortier Louis1, Galí Martí1, Galindo Virginie3, 19, 20, Gallinari Morgane2, Garcia Nicole16, Gérikas-Ribeiro Catherine22, 23, Gourdal Margaux1, Gourvil Priscilla24, Goyens ClemenceORCID25, Grondin Pierre-LucORCID1, Guillot Pascal26, Guilmette Caroline1, Houssais Marie-Noëlle27, Joux Fabien28, Lacour Léo1, Lacour Thomas29, Lafond Augustin16, Lagunas José1, Lalande Catherine1, Laliberté Julien1, Lambert-Girard Simon1, Larivière Jade1, Lavaud Johann1, Lebaron Anita1, Leblanc Karine16, Le Gall Florence22, Legras Justine16, Lemire Mélanie8, 10, 30, Levasseur Marie1, 3, Leymarie Edouard4, Leynaert Aude2, Lopes Dos Santos Adriana31, Lourenço Antonio32, Mah David31, Marec ClaudieORCID1, 33, Marie Dominique34, Martin Nicolas32, Marty Constance14, Marty Sabine35, Massé Guillaume1, Matsuoka Atsushi1, Matthes Lisa17, Moriceau Brivaela2, Muller Pierre-Emmanuel14, Mundy C.J.17, Neukermans Griet1, 4, Oziel Laurent1, 4, Panagiotopoulos Christos16, Pangazi Jean-Jacques14, Picard Ghislain36, Picheral Marc4, Pinczon Du Sel France14, Pogorzelec Nicole17, Probert Ian24, Queguiner Bernard16, Raimbault Patrick16, Ras Joséphine4, Rehm Eric1, Reimer Erin1, Rontani Jean-François16, Rysgaard Søren17, Saint-Béat Blanche1, Sampei Makoto37, Sansoulet Julie1, Schmidt Sabine38, Sempéré Richard16, Sévigny Caroline39, Shen Yuan40, 41, Tragin Margot34, Tremblay Jean-Éric1, Vaulot Daniel31, 34, Verin Gauthier1, Vivier Frédéric32, Vladoiu Anda42, 43, Whitehead Jeremy21, Babin Marcel1
Affiliation(s) 1 : UMI Takuvik, CNRS/Université Laval, Québec, QC Canada
2 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR, F-29280 Plouzane, France
3 : Québec-Océan
4 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, LOV, F-06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
5 : Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA
6 : UMR 5001, IGE, CNRS, Grenoble, France
7 : LEGOS, University of Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, IRD, UPS, 31400 Toulouse, France
8 : Axe Santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec - Université Laval
9 : Centre de toxicologie du Québec, INSPQ
10 : Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec QC Canada
11 : Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie (groupes BORÉAS et Québec-Océan), Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300 allé des Ursulines, Rimouski, QC, G5L 3A1
12 : University of South Carolina, Department of Biological sciences, Columbia, SC 29208 USA
13 : Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, IOW, Rostock-Warnemünde, Germany
14 : Independent collaborator
15 : Institut nordique du Québec, Université Laval, Québec, QC Canada
16 : Aix-Marseille Univ., Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO, UM110, Marseille, 13288, France
17 : Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
18 : FR3761, Institut de la Mer de Villefranche, CNRS, 06230 Villefranche-sur-mer, France
19 : Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski
20 : Université du Québec à Rimouski
21 : Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
22 : CNRS, Sorbonne Université, UMR7144, Team ECOMAP, Station Biologique de Roscoff,Roscoff, France
23 : GEMA Center for Genomics, Ecology & Environment, Universidad Mayor, Camino La Pirámide, 5750, Huechuraba, Santiago, Chile
24 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, FR2424, Centre de Ressources Biologiques Marines, Station Biologique de Roscoff, France
25 : Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Operational Directorate Natural Environment, 29 Rue Vautierstraat, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
26 : Québec Océan & Amundsen Science, Université Laval, Québec, QC Canada
27 : LOCEAN, CNRS/Sorbonne Université/IRD/MNHN, 4 place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris, France
28 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne (LOMIC), Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, 66650 Banyuls/mer, France
29 : IFREMER, Physiology and Biotechnology of Algae Laboratory, rue de l’Ile d’Yeu, 44311, Nantes, France
30 : Institut de biologie intégrative et des systèmes
31 : Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
32 : LOCEAN-IPSL,CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
33 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IUEM, UMS3113, F-29280 Plouzane, France
34 : UMR 7144, Sorbonne Université and CNRS, Station Biologique, 29680 Roscoff, France
35 : Norwegian institute for water research, Gaustadalleen 21, 0349 Oslo, Norway
36 : Institut des Géosciences de l'Environnement 54, rue Molière 38402 - Saint Martin d'Hères, France
37 : Faculty of fisheries sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan
38 : UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC - OASU, Université de Bordeaux, 33615 PESSAC CEDEX, FRANCE
39 : Environnement et changement climatique Canada
40 : School of the Earth, Ocean and Environment, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208, USA
41 : Present address: Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, 95064, USA
42 : LOCEAN-IPSL, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
43 : Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
DOI 10.17882/59892
Publisher SEANOE
Abstract

The Green Edge initiative was developed to investigate the processes controlling the primary productivity and the fate of organic matter produced during the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) and to determine its role in the ecosystem. Two field campaigns were conducted in 2015 and 2016 at an ice camp located on landfast sea ice southeast of Qikiqtarjuaq Island in Baffin Bay (67.4797N, 63.7895W). During both expeditions, a large suite of physical, chemical and biological variables was measured beneath a consolidated sea ice cover from the surface to the bottom at 360 m depth to better understand the factors driving the PSB. Key variables such as temperature, salinity, radiance, irradiance, nutrient concentrations, chlorophyll- concentration, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance and taxonomy, carbon stocks and fluxes were routinely measured at the ice camp. Here, we present the results of a joint effort to tidy and standardize the collected data sets that will facilitate their reuse in other Arctic studies.

Licence CC-BY
Data
File Size Format Processing Access
CDOM absorption 74 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
CDOM absorption (Atsushi Matsuoka) 47 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Particulate and phytoplankton absorption 34 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) 142 MB CSV Processed data Open access
AVOS 299 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Bacterial biomarkers 24 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Nutrients benthos 4 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Bacterial cultures 17 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Bacterial production 77 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Camlum (AOT) 49 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Camlum (Ed) 47 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Camlum (HDRF) 79 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Camlum (HDRF-ASD) 18 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Camlum (Lu) 78 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Carbon stock (DOC/DOC) 28 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Carbon stock (DOC/TDN) 37 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Carbon stock (DOC/TOC) 59 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
C-OPS 9 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
CTD 174 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Bacterial cytometry 1 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Dissolved inorganic Carbon (DIC) & Alkalinity total (TA) 23 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) 19 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Days of open water (DOW) 16 KB CSV Processed data Open access
Heterotrophic nanoflagellates 8 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Sea ice concentration history 2 MB CSV Processed data Open access
Ice thickness 21 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Photosynthetic picoeukaryotes (abundance) & Phytoplankton measured by Imaging FlowCytoBot 4 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Meteorological tower 27 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Moving Vessel Profiler (MVP) - Temp, salinity, etc. 34 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Navigation data from the Amundsen 1 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Nutrients 526 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Ice/snow albedo 167 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Ice/snow transmittance 17 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Fluorescence Variable (Phyto) 10 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
PCO2 1 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Pigments, nutrients, Chlorophyll a and Phaeopigments (concentration) 9 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Primary production, NH4 (assimilation), NH4 (regeneration), DON (release), etc. 114 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Photosynthetic parameters 45 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Net radiation 18 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Hydro SCAMP (Temp, Salin, Chlorophyll, turb. ...) 4 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Bacterial sequencing 6 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Silicates 109 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Particulate Carbon (PC), Particulate Nitrogen (PN), SPM (Suspended Particulate Material) 400 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Sugar traps 10 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Cultures of sorted populations - phytoplankton 120 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Phytoplankton taxonomy (microscopy) 4 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Sediment traps (chla, faecal pellets flux, Particulate mass, etc.) 38 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Swimmers 144 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Irradiance (Downwelling, Upwelling) from the TRIOS 177 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) - particles 408 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) - zooplankton 33 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Virus (abundance) 8 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Ice algae radiation 213 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Selenium & selenoneine 5 KB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
Inherent optical properties (IOPs) 146 MB CSV Processed data Open access
Particulate absorption 46 MB CSV Processed data Open access
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How to cite 

Massicotte Philippe, Amiraux Rémi, Amyot Marie-Pier, Archambault Philippe, Ardyna Mathieu, Arnaud Laurent, Artigue Lise, Aubry Cyril, Ayotte Pierre, Bécu Guislain, Bélanger Simon, Benner Ronald, Bittig Henry C., Bricaud Annick, Brossier Éric, Bruyant Flavienne, Chauvaud Laurent, Christiansen-Stowe Debra, Claustre Hervé, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique, Coupel Pierre, Cox Christine, Delaforge Aurelie, Dezutter Thibaud, Dimier Céline, Dominé Florent, Dufour Francis, Dufresne Christiane, Dumont Dany, Ehn Jens, Else Brent, Ferland Joannie, Forget Marie-Hélène, Fortier Louis, Galí Martí, Galindo Virginie, Gallinari Morgane, Garcia Nicole, Gérikas-Ribeiro Catherine, Gourdal Margaux, Gourvil Priscilla, Goyens Clemence, Grondin Pierre-Luc, Guillot Pascal, Guilmette Caroline, Houssais Marie-Noëlle, Joux Fabien, Lacour Léo, Lacour Thomas, Lafond Augustin, Lagunas José, Lalande Catherine, Laliberté Julien, Lambert-Girard Simon, Larivière Jade, Lavaud Johann, Lebaron Anita, Leblanc Karine, Le Gall Florence, Legras Justine, Lemire Mélanie, Levasseur Marie, Leymarie Edouard, Leynaert Aude, Lopes Dos Santos Adriana, Lourenço Antonio, Mah David, Marec Claudie, Marie Dominique, Martin Nicolas, Marty Constance, Marty Sabine, Massé Guillaume, Matsuoka Atsushi, Matthes Lisa, Moriceau Brivaela, Muller Pierre-Emmanuel, Mundy C.J., Neukermans Griet, Oziel Laurent, Panagiotopoulos Christos, Pangazi Jean-Jacques, Picard Ghislain, Picheral Marc, Pinczon Du Sel France, Pogorzelec Nicole, Probert Ian, Queguiner Bernard, Raimbault Patrick, Ras Joséphine, Rehm Eric, Reimer Erin, Rontani Jean-François, Rysgaard Søren, Saint-Béat Blanche, Sampei Makoto, Sansoulet Julie, Schmidt Sabine, Sempéré Richard, Sévigny Caroline, Shen Yuan, Tragin Margot, Tremblay Jean-Éric, Vaulot Daniel, Verin Gauthier, Vivier Frédéric, Vladoiu Anda, Whitehead Jeremy, Babin Marcel (2019). The Green Edge initiative: understanding the processes controlling the under-ice Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom. SEANOE. https://doi.org/10.17882/59892


In addition to properly cite this dataset, it would be appreciated that the following work(s) be cited too, when using this dataset in a publication :


Massicotte Philippe, Amiraux Rémi, Amyot Marie-Pier, Archambault Philippe, Ardyna Mathieu, Arnaud Laurent, Artigue Lise, Aubry Cyril, Ayotte Pierre, Bécu Guislain, Bélanger Simon, Benner Ronald, Bittig Henry C., Bricaud Annick, Brossier Éric, Bruyant Flavienne, Chauvaud Laurent, Christiansen-Stowe Debra, Claustre Hervé, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique, Coupel Pierre, Cox Christine, Delaforge Aurelie, Dezutter Thibaud, Dimier Céline, Dominé Florent, Dufour Francis, Dufresne Christiane, Dumont Dany, Ehn Jens, Else Brent, Ferland Joannie, Forget Marie-Hélène, Fortier Louis, Galí Martí, Galindo Virginie, Gallinari Morgane, Garcia Nicole, Gérikas-Ribeiro Catherine, Gourdal Margaux, Gourvil Priscilla, Goyens Clemence, Grondin Pierre-Luc, Guillot Pascal, Guilmette Caroline, Houssais Marie-Noëlle, Joux Fabien, Lacour Léo, Lacour Thomas, Lafond Augustin, Lagunas José, Lalande Catherine, Laliberté Julien, Lambert-Girard Simon, Larivière Jade, Lavaud Johann, Le Gall Florence, LeBaron Anita, Leblanc Karine, Legras Justine, Lemire Mélanie, Levasseur Maurice, Leymarie Edouard, Leynaert Aude, Lopes dos Santos Adriana, Lourenço Antonio, Mah David, Marec Claudie, Marie Dominique, Martin Nicolas, Marty Constance, Marty Sabine, Massé Guillaume, Matsuoka Atsushi, Matthes Lisa, Moriceau Brivaela, Muller Pierre-Emmanuel, Mundy Christopher J., Neukermans Griet, Oziel Laurent, Panagiotopoulos Christos, Pangazi Jean-Jacques, Picard Ghislain, Picheral Marc, Pinczon du Sel France, Pogorzelec Nicole, Probert Ian, Queguiner Bernard, Raimbault Patrick, Ras Joséphine, Rehm Eric, Reimer Erin, Rontani Jean-François, Rysgaard Søren, Saint-Béat Blanche, Sampei Makoto, Sansoulet Julie, Schmidt Sabine, Sempéré Richard, Sévigny Caroline, Shen Yuan, Tragin Margot, Tremblay Jean-Éric, Vaulot Daniel, Verin Gauthier, Vivier Frédéric, Vladoiu Anda, Whitehead Jeremy, Babin Marcel (2019). Green Edge ice camp campaigns: understanding the processes controlling the under-ice Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom. Earth System Science Data Discussions, 1-42. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-160