Lagrangian drifters in the San Matias Gulf, Argentina

Date 2019-01-31
Temporal extent 2019-01-31 -2019-02-23
Author(s) Saraceno MartinORCID1, 2, 3, Aubone Nicolas1, Saad Juan Francisco4, 5, Soria Mariano5, Svendsen Guillermo4, 5
Affiliation(s) 1 : Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (DCAO, FCEN-UBA), Intendente Guiraldes 2160, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon II 2do. Piso; C1428EGA Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 : Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmosfera (CIMA/CONICET-UBA)
3 : Instituto Franco-Argentino para el Estudio del Clima y sus Impactos (UMI IFAECI/CNRS-CONICET-UBA)
4 : Centro De Investigacion Aplicada y Transferencia Tecnologica En Recursos Marinos "Almirante Storni" , Güemes 1030, San Antonio Oeste (RN) Argentina
5 : Escuela Superior de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Nacional del Comahue (ESCiMar-UNComa) ,San Martín 247, San Antonio Oeste (RN), Argentina
DOI 10.17882/74297
Publisher SEANOE

Five SVP-type Lagrangian drifters were launched in the positions indicated in Fig. 2 (see also Table 1) on January 31, 2019. Each drifter was composed by a buoy anchored at 15m. The anchor consisted of four triangular fabrics attached symmetrically along its largest leg and to two iron bars along their shortest leg. The ratio between the drag corresponding to the portion of the buoy that remains above the surface of the sea and the drag corresponding to everything that is below the water is 50. Thus, the drifters employed exceed the drag ratio recommended for this type of buoys to minimize downwind slippage (Ciarravano et al. 2012). Inside the buoy we installed a GPS with satellite communication. The GPS was set to send its position in real time every 10 minutes. 

Drifter 04 is the one that lasted longer sending its position for 22.6 days (Table 1). Drifter 02 was accidentally recovered 3 days after deployment by a fisherman. The other three drifters lasted 1.9, 6.8 and 7.4 days. For the five drifters, the percentage of total amount of data collected was lower than the ideal one (up to 27.6% of missing data), however a minimum of 7 positions every six hours were successfully retrieved (Table 1). Failure in the transmission of the data might occur for a number of different reasons, including weather conditions, wave height and failure in the satellite connection, among others. Despite their short duration, and thanks to the high-frequency transmission of the positions, the data collected provided very reach and accurate information about the surface circulation of the region.

Licence CC0
Acknowledgements This project was sponsored by : - Office of Naval Research (ONR) Funding GRANT 12275382 - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas (CONICET) PIP 11220150100253CO - European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)/Centre National de la Recherche Spatial (CNES) DSP/OT/07-2118.
Sensor metadata

GPS (Global Positioning System)

Accuracy : 500–30 cm

 Position send every : 10 minutes


File Size Format Processing Access
Drifter 1 position in LAT-LON coordinates 67 KB NC, NetCDF Raw data Open access
Drifter 2 position in LAT-LON coordinates 36 KB NC, NetCDF Raw data Open access
Drifter 3 position in LAT-LON coordinates 42 KB NC, NetCDF Raw data Open access
Drifter 4 position in LAT-LON coordinates 200 KB NC, NetCDF Raw data Open access
Drifter 5 position in LAT-LON coordinates 23 KB NC, NetCDF Raw data Open access
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How to cite 

Saraceno Martin, Aubone Nicolas, Saad Juan Francisco, Soria Mariano, Svendsen Guillermo (2019). Lagrangian drifters in the San Matias Gulf, Argentina. SEANOE.