The Malina oceanographic expedition: How do changes in ice cover, permafrost and UV radiation impact biodiversity and biogeochemical fluxes in the Arctic Ocean?

Date 2009
Author(s) Massicotte PhilippeORCID1, Amon Rainer M.W.2, 3, Antoine David4, 5, Archambault Philippe6, Balzano Sergio7, 8, 9, Bélanger Simon10, Benner Ronald11, 12, Boeuf Dominique7, Bricaud Annick5, Bruyant Flavienne1, Chaillou Gwenaëlle13, Chami Malik14, Charrière BrunoORCID15, Chen Jing16, Claustre Hervé5, Coupel Pierre1, Delsaut Nicole15, Doxaran David5, Ehn Jens17, Fichot Cédric18, Forget Marie-Hélène1, Fu Pingqing19, Gagnon Jonathan1, Garcia Nicole20, Gasser Beat21, Ghiglione Jean-François22, Gorsky Gaby5, Gosselin MiguelORCID13, Gourvil Priscillia23, Gratton Yves24, Guillot Pascal13, Heipieper Hermann J.25, Heussner Serge15, Hooker Stanford B.26, Huot Yannick27, Jeanthon Christian7, Jeffrey Wade28, Joux Fabien22, Kawamura Kimitaka29, Lansard BrunoORCID30, Leymarie EdouardORCID5, Link HeikeORCID31, Lovejoy ConnieORCID1, Marec ClaudieORCID1, 32, Marie Dominique7, Martin Johannie33, Martín Jacobo34, 35, Massé Guillaume1, 36, Matsuoka AtsushiORCID1, McKague Vanessa37, Mignot Alexandre5, 38, Miller William L.ORCID39, Miquel Juan-Carlos21, Mucci AlfonsoORCID40, Ono Kaori41, Ortega-Retuerta Eva22, Panagiotopoulos Christos20, Papakyriakou Tim17, Picheral MarcORCID5, Piepenburg DieterORCID42, 43, Prieur LoicORCID5, Raimbault Patrick20, Ras Joséphine5, Reynolds Rick A.ORCID44, Rochon André13, Rontani Jean-François20, Schmechtig Catherine45, Schmidt Sabine46, Sempéré Richard20, Shen YuanORCID11, 47, Song Guisheng48, 49, Stramski DariuszORCID44, Tachibana Eri41, Thirouard Alexandre5, Tolosa ImmaORCID21, Tremblay Jean-Éric1, Vaïtilingom Mickael51, Vaulot DanielORCID7, 52, Vaultier Frédéric20, Volkman John K.53, Vonk Jorien E.54, Xie Huixiang13, Zheng Guangming44, 55, 56, Babin Marcel1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Takuvik Joint International Laboratory / UMI 3376, ULAVAL (Canada) - CNRS (France), Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
2 : Department of Marine and Coastal Environmental Science, Texas A&M University Galveston Campus, Galveston, Texas, 77553, USA
3 : Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 77843, USA
4 : Remote Sensing and Satellite Research Group, School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
5 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV) / UMR 7093, F-06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
6 : ArcticNet, Québec-Océan, Takuvik Joint International Laboratory / UMI 3376, ULAVAL (Canada) - CNRS (France), Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
7 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Station Biologique de Roscoff - Adaptation et Diversité en Milieu Marin / UMR 7144, 29680 Roscoff, France
8 : Present address: Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli (SZN), Naples, Italy
9 : NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg, Netherlands
10 : Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie (groupes BORÉAS et Québec-Océan), Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada
11 : School of the Earth, Ocean and Environment, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208, USA
12 : Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208, USA
13 : Québec-Océan, Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER), Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada
14 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire Atmosphères Milieux Observations Spatiales (LATMOS) / UMR 8190, Boulevard de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304 Nice Cedex, France
15 : Université de Perpignan Via Domitia (UPVD), CNRS, Centre de Formation et de Recherche sur les Environnements Méditerranéens (CEFREM) / UMR 5110, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
16 : School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China
17 : Centre for Earth Observation Science, Department of Environment and Geography, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
18 : Department of Earth and Environment, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, USA
19 : Institute of Surface-Earth System Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China
20 : Aix Marseille Université, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO UM 110, 13288 Marseille, France
21 : International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) / Environment Laboratories, MC98000, Monaco, Monaco
22 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne (LOMIC) / UMR 7621, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, France
23 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Station Biologique de Roscoff - Centre de recherche et d'enseignement en biologie et écologie marines / FR2424, 29680 Roscoff, France
24 : Institut national de la recherche scientifique - Centre Eau Terre Environnement (INRS-ETE), Québec, QC, Canada
25 : Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Permoserstraße 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany
26 : Ocean Ecology Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States
27 : Département de géomatique appliquée, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada
28 : Center for Environmental Diagnostics & Bioremediation, Universty of West Florida, 11000 University Parkway, Pensacola, FL 32514 USA
29 : Chubu Institute for Advanced Studies, Chubu University, Kasugai, Japan
30 : IPSL and Université Paris-Saclay, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE) / UMR 8212, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
31 : Department Maritime Systems, University of Rostock, 18059 Rostock, Germany
32 : Université de Bretagne Occidentale - UBO, CNRS, IRD, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer (IUEM) / UMS 3113, 29280 Plouzané, France
33 : Québec-Océan & Département de biologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
34 : Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC-CONICET), Houssay 200, 9410 Ushuaia, Argentina
35 : ICPA-UNTDF, Ushuaia, Argentina
36 : Station Marine de Concarneau, MNHN-CNRS-UPMC-IRD, Laboratoire d'océanographie et du climat : expérimentations et approches numériques (LOCEAN) / UMR 7159, 29900 Concarneau, France
37 : Center for Marine and Environmental Studies, University of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, VI, USA
38 : Mercator Ocean International, Parc Technologique du Canal, 8-10 rue Hermès – Bâtiment C, 31520 Ramonville Saint-Agne, France
39 : Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, 325 Sanford Dive, Athens, GA 30602
40 : GEOTOP and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada
41 : Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-0819, Japan
42 : Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
43 : Helmholtz Institute for Functional Marine Biodiversity at the University of Oldenburg, Ammerländer Heerstraße 231, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany
44 : Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0238 USA
45 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Ecce Terra Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers (OSU) - UMS 3455, 4, Place Jussieu 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
46 : Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, OASU, Environnements et Paléoenvironnements Océaniques et Continentaux (EPOC) / UMR 5805, F-33615 Pessac, France
47 : State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, P. R. China
48 : Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER), Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada
49 : School of Marine Science and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China
50 : Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
51 : Université des Antilles Pointe-à-Pitre, Laboratoire de Recherche en Géosciences et Energies (LARGE) / EA 4539, Guadeloupe, France
52 : Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
53 : CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research and CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Nationa lResearch Flagship, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
54 : Department of Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
55 : NOAA/NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research, 5830 University Research Court, College Park, MD 20740, USA
56 : Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland Research Park, 5825 University Research Court, College Park, MD 20740, USA
DOI 10.17882/75345
Publisher SEANOE
Keyword(s) Ice cover, UV radiation, Biodeversity, Carbon fluxes, Sediment, Benthos, Zooplankton, Phytoplankton, Beaufort Sea, Primary production, Photodegradation
Abstract

The MALINA oceanographic campaign was conducted during summer 2009 to investigate the carbon stocks and the processes controlling the carbon fluxes in the Mackenzie River estuary and the Beaufort Sea. During the campaign, an extensive suite of physical, chemical and biological variables was measured across seven shelf–basin transects (south-north) to capture the meridional gradient between the estuary and the open ocean. Key variables such as temperature, absolute salinity, radiance, irradiance, nutrient concentrations, chlorophyll-a concentration, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance and taxonomy, and carbon stocks and fluxes were routinely measured onboard the Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen and from a barge in shallow coastal areas or for sampling within broken ice fields. This dataset is the results of a joint effort to tidy and standardize the collected data sets that will facilitate their reuse in further studies of the changing Arctic Ocean.

Licence CC-BY
Data
File Size Format Processing Access
Data files 18 MB CSV Quality controlled data Open access
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Massicotte Philippe, Amon Rainer M.W., Antoine David, Archambault Philippe, Balzano Sergio, Bélanger Simon, Benner Ronald, Boeuf Dominique, Bricaud Annick, Bruyant Flavienne, Chaillou Gwenaëlle, Chami Malik, Charrière Bruno, Chen Jing, Claustre Hervé, Coupel Pierre, Delsaut Nicole, Doxaran David, Ehn Jens, Fichot Cédric, Forget Marie-Hélène, Fu Pingqing, Gagnon Jonathan, Garcia Nicole, Gasser Beat, Ghiglione Jean-François, Gorsky Gaby, Gosselin Miguel, Gourvil Priscillia, Gratton Yves, Guillot Pascal, Heipieper Hermann J., Heussner Serge, Hooker Stanford B., Huot Yannick, Jeanthon Christian, Jeffrey Wade, Joux Fabien, Kawamura Kimitaka, Lansard Bruno, Leymarie Edouard, Link Heike, Lovejoy Connie, Marec Claudie, Marie Dominique, Martin Johannie, Martín Jacobo, Massé Guillaume, Matsuoka Atsushi, McKague Vanessa, Mignot Alexandre, Miller William L., Miquel Juan-Carlos, Mucci Alfonso, Ono Kaori, Ortega-Retuerta Eva, Panagiotopoulos Christos, Papakyriakou Tim, Picheral Marc, Piepenburg Dieter, Prieur Loic, Raimbault Patrick, Ras Joséphine, Reynolds Rick A., Rochon André, Rontani Jean-François, Schmechtig Catherine, Schmidt Sabine, Sempéré Richard, Shen Yuan, Song Guisheng, Stramski Dariusz, Tachibana Eri, Thirouard Alexandre, Tolosa Imma, Tremblay Jean-Éric, Vaïtilingom Mickael, Vaulot Daniel, Vaultier Frédéric, Volkman John K., Vonk Jorien E., Xie Huixiang, Zheng Guangming, Babin Marcel (2009). The Malina oceanographic expedition: How do changes in ice cover, permafrost and UV radiation impact biodiversity and biogeochemical fluxes in the Arctic Ocean? SEANOE. https://doi.org/10.17882/75345