DNA barcoding campaign in a fish market in the Northern Red Sea provides clues for cryptic speciation and fishing form close geographical areas or bottle-necked populations

Date 2020-09
Author(s) Abdalwahhab Omir1, Galal-Khallaf AsmaaORCID2, Abd El-Latif Saber SamyORCID1, Osman Alaa G. M.ORCID3, Mohammed-Geba KhaledORCID2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo Branch, Cairo, Egypt
2 : Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, 32511 Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt
3 : Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Assiut Branch, Cairo, Egypt
DOI 10.17882/76103
Publisher SEANOE
Abstract

Herein, a pilot, random sampling trial was carried out to characterize and assess some genetic population parameters for fish species in the landings reaching the market in Suez city, Egypt. The Samples were DNA barcoded using the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 mitochondrial gene (COI). DNA barcoding could characterize 9 species belonging to 7 different families and 3 orders. These species were Coris aygula, Papilloculiceps longiceps, Priacanthus sagittarious, Gerres longirostris, Alepes djedaba, Psettodes erumei, Cheilinus trilobatus, Calotomus viridescens, and Pardachirus marmoratus. Moderate haplotype, yet low genetic, diversities could be identifies in the first six species. This might be secondary to their fishing from bottlenecked populations, or from areas that do not hinder the genetic flow. Also, possible cryptic speciation could be detected in P. sagittarius, P. erumei and G. longirostris. The current study pointed to the power of DNA barcoding as a tool for identifying the state of biodiversity in fished populations, and the taxonomic richness of Red Sea fish-based markets.

Licence CC-BY
Acknowledgments The authors would like to appreciate their deep thanks for Dr. Ezzat Mohammed-AbdAllah, from the Faculty of Science of Al-Azhar University (Assiut´s branch), for his efforts and precious aids during sample collection and initial morphological identification.
Data
File Size Format Processing Access
Sequences Data 16 KB TEXTE Quality controlled data Open access
JC genetic distances 84 KB XLS, XLSX Quality controlled data Open access
K2P genetic distances 473 KB XLS, XLSX Quality controlled data Open access
p-distance genetic distances 95 KB XLS, XLSX Quality controlled data Open access
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How to cite 

Abdalwahhab Omir, Galal-Khallaf Asmaa, Abd El-Latif Saber Samy, Osman Alaa G. M., Mohammed-Geba Khaled (2020). DNA barcoding campaign in a fish market in the Northern Red Sea provides clues for cryptic speciation and fishing form close geographical areas or bottle-necked populations. SEANOE. https://doi.org/10.17882/76103


In addition to properly cite this dataset, it would be appreciated that the following work(s) be cited too, when using this dataset in a publication :


Abdalwahhab Omir, Galal-Khallaf Asmaa, El-Latif Saber Samy Abd, Osman Alaa GM, Mohammed-Geba Khaled (2020). A case study for application of DNA barcoding in identifying species and genetic diversity of fish from the Suez city market, Egypt. Aquatic Living Resources, 33, 11-. https://doi.org/10.1051/alr/2020012