BGC-Argo float Deep Chlorophyll Maximum data combined with mesoscale eddies detection from TOEddies algorithm

This dataset contains bio-optical measurements and environmental parameters associated with  Deep Chlorophyll Maxima acquired by BGC-Argo profiling floats and matched with mesoscale eddies location from the Ocean Eddy Detection and Tracking Algorithms (TOEeddies) Atlas.

For each BGC-Argo profile the data files includes the World Meteorological Organistion (WMO) and profile numbers, geographical position (LON and LAT), the date of the profile in Julian Day (JULD); the qualification of the vertical profile (CARAC_BIO) as Deep Biomass Maximum (DBM), Deep photoAcclimation Maximum (DAM), or presenting no DCM (NO); at the depth of the maximum (DCM_DEPTH), the chlorophyll a concentration (CHLA_DCM, mg chla m-3 ) and the backscattering coefficient (BBP_DCM, m-1); the Mixed Layer Depth (MLD, m), the nitracline depth (NCLINE, m), the mean daily Available PAR in the Mixed Layer Depth (MIPAR_MLD, E m -1 d -1), the daily Available PAR at the nitracline depth (IPAR_NCLINE, E m-2 d-1); the location of the profile (CARAC_EDDY) as being inside the core/periphery (IN/_EN) of a cyclonic/anticyclonic eddy (DEP_/P_), or outside eddy influence (OUT); the processing level (MODE) of the ADT maps used for the TOEddies detection, either Near Real Time (-1), or Delayed Mode (1).

The qualification and processing of the BGC-Argo profiles, as well as the DCM detection (DAM/DBM/NO) and the estimation of the environmental parameters, were applied as described from Cornec, M., Claustre, H., Mignot, A., Guidi, L., Lacour, L., Poteau, A., D'Ortenzio, F., Gentili, B., Schmechtig, C.  (2021). Deep chlorophyll maxima in the global ocean: Occurrences, drivers and characteristics. Global Biogeochem Cycles 35.

Data relative to mesoscale eddies were produced by processing daily 0.25°x0.25° AVISO Absolute Dynamical Topography (maps produced by Ssalto/Duacs and distributed by Copernicus-Marine Environment Services) with the TOEddies algorithm (Laxenaire, R., Speich, S., Blanke, B., Chaigneau, A., Pegliasco, C., & Stegner, A. (2018). Anticyclonic Eddies Connecting the Western Boundaries of Indian and Atlantic Oceans. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123(11), 7651–7677.


Biological oceanography, Physical oceanography


BioGeoChemical-Argo floats, Deep Chlorophyll Maximum, Mesoscale eddies, Global Ocean, Absolute Dynamical Topography


90N, -90S, 180E, -180W


The float sensors were the ECO Triplet (Three Channel Sensor; WET Labs, Inc., USA) measuring the chlorophyll-a fluorescence and the scattering of light at 700 nm and an angle of 124°).


11 MoCSVProcessed data
How to cite
Cornec Marin, Laxenaire Rémi, Speich Sabrina, Claustre Hervé (2020). BGC-Argo float Deep Chlorophyll Maximum data combined with mesoscale eddies detection from TOEddies algorithm. SEANOE.

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