The Green Edge cruise: following the evolution of the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom, from ice-covered to open waters

Date 2022
Temporal extent 2016-06-03 -2016-07-14
Author(s) Bruyant Flavienne1, 2, Amiraux Rémi1, 2, 3, Amyot Marie-Pier1, Archambault PhilippeORCID1, 2, Artigue LiseORCID4, Barbedo De Freitas Lucas2, 5, Bécu Guislain1, 2, Bélanger Simon2, 5, Bourgain Pascaline6, Bricaud Annick7, Brouard Etienne1, Brunet Camille8, Burgers Tonya9, Caleb Danielle10, Chalut Katrine11, Claustre HervéORCID7, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique8, Coupel Pierre8, Cusa Marine12, Cusset Fanny1, Dadaglio Laeticia13, Davelaar Marty10, Deslongchamps Gabrièle1, 2, Dimier Céline7, Dinasquet Julie13, Dumont DanyORCID2, 14, Else Brent15, Eulaers Igor16, Ferland Joannie1, 2, Filteau Gabrielle1, 2, Forget Marie-Hélène1, Fort Jérome17, Fortier Louis1, 2, Galí-Tapías MartíORCID1, 18, Gallinari Morgane3, Garbus Svend-Erik16, Garcia Nicole8, Gérikas Ribeiro Catherine19, 20, Gombault Colline21, Gourvil PriscillaORCID22, Goyens Clémence23, Grant Cindy1, 2, Grondin Pierre-Luc1, 2, Guillot Pascal2, 21, Hillion Sandrine3, Hussherr Rachel2, Joux Fabien13, Joy-Warren Hannah24, Joyal Gabriel1, 2, Kieber David25, Lafond Augustin8, Lagunas José1, 2, Lajeunesse Patrick1, Lalande Catherine1, 2, Larivière Jade1, 2, Le Gall Florence19, Leblanc Karine8, Leblanc Mathieu1, 2, Legras Justine3, Levesque Keith21, Lewis Kate-Marie24, Leymarie EdouardORCID7, Leynaert AudeORCID3, Linkowski Thomas21, Lizotte Martine1, 2, Lopes Dos Santos AdrianaORCID26, Marec Claudie1, 27, Marie Dominique19, Massé Guillaume1, Massicotte PhilippeORCID1, 2, Matsuoka Atsushi1, 28, Miller Lisa10, Mirshak Sharif29, Morata Nathalie3, 12, Moriceau BrivaelaORCID3, Morin Philippe-Israël1, 2, Morisset Simon21, Mosbech Anders16, Mucci AlfonsoORCID30, Nadaï Gabrielle1, 2, Nozais Christian11, Obernosterer Ingrid13, Paire Timothé1, Panagiotopoulos ChristosORCID8, Parenteau Marie1, 2, Pelletier Noémie11, Picheral Marc7, Quéguiner BernardORCID7, Raimbault PatrickORCID7, Ras Joséphine6, Rehm Eric1, 2, Ribot Lacosta Llúcia1, 31, Rontani Jean-François7, Saint-Béat Blanche1, 32, Sansoulet Julie1, Sardet Noé29, Schmechtig Catherine33, Sciandra Antoine7, Sempéré RichardORCID8, Sévigny Caroline2, 14, Toullec Jordan3, Tragin Margot19, Tremblay Jean-Eric1, 2, Trottier Annie-Pier1, Vaulot DanielORCID19, 26, Vladoiu Anda34, 35, Xue Lei25, Yunda-Guarin Gustavo1, 2, Babin Marcel1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Takuvik, LMR 3376 CNRS/Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, QC, Canada
2 : Québec-Océan, Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, QC, Canada
3 : LEMAR, Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, 29280 Plouzane, France
4 : LEGOS, University of Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, IRD, UPS, 31400 Toulouse, France
5 : Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie (groupes BORÉAS et Québec-Océan), Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski QC, Canada
6 : Société AVUNGA, Lars en Vercors, France
7 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, UMR7093, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
8 : Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO), Aix-Marseille Université, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, UM110, 13288 Marseille, France
9 : Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada
10 : Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney BC, Canada.
11 : Québec-Océan, Département de biologie, chimie et géographie, Université du Québec à Rimouski QC, Canada
12 : Akvaplan-niva, Fram Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway
13 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne (LOMIC), UMR7621, CNRS/ Sorbonne Université, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls-sur-mer, France
14 : Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski, Université du Québec à Rimouski, QC, Canada
15 : Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary T2N 1N4, AB, Canada
16 : Department of Biosciences – Arctic Environment, Aarhus University, Denmark
17 : Littoral Environnement et Sociétés, UMR7266, CNRS/Université de La Rochelle, France
18 : Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Barcelona, Spain
19 : ECOMAP, UMR7144, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, Station Biologique de Roscoff, France
20 : GEMA Center for Genomics, Ecology & Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile
21 : Amundsen Science, Université Laval, Québec QC, Canada
22 : Roscoff Culture Collection, FR2424 CNRS/Université Sorbonne, Station Biologique, Roscoff France
23 : Operational Directorate Natural Environment, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Brussels, Belgium
24 : Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
25 : Department o Chemistry, College of environmental sciences and forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
26 : Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore
27 : Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, UMS3113, CNRS/Univ. Brest, Plouzane, France
28 : School of Marine Science and Ocean Engineering (SMSOE), Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (EOS) University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA
29 : Société Parafilm, Montréal QC, Canada
30 : GEOTOP and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montréal QC, Canada
31 : Balearic Islands Coastal Observing and Forecasting System, SOCIB, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
32 : Dyneco Pelagos, IFREMER, BP70, 29280 Plouzané, France.
33 : OSU Ecce-Terra, UMS3455, CNRS/Sorbonne Université, PARIS Cedex 5, France
34 : LOCEAN-IPSL, UMR7159, CNRS/IRD/MNHN/Sorbonne Université, 75005 Paris, France
35 : Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
DOI 10.17882/86417
Publisher SEANOE
Keyword(s) Arctic Ocean, Baffin Bay, Phytoplankton Spring Bloom, Marginal Ice Zone, Seasonal Ice Zone, Under ice bloom

The Green Edge project was designed to investigate the onset, life and fate of a phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) in the Arctic Ocean. The lengthening of the ice-free period and the warming of seawater, amongst other factors, have induced major changes in arctic ocean biology over the last decades. Because the PSB is at the base of the Arctic Ocean food chain, it is crucial to understand how changes in the arctic environment will affect it. Green Edge was a large multidisciplinary collaborative project bringing researchers and technicians from 28 different institutions in seven countries, together aiming at understanding these changes and their impacts on the future. The fieldwork for the Green Edge project took place over two years (2015 and 2016) and was carried out from both an ice camp and a research vessel in the Baffin Bay, Canadian arctic. Here, we describe the data set obtained during the research cruise, which took place aboard the Canadian Coast Guard Ship (CCGS) Amundsen in spring 2016.

Licence CC-BY
Acknowledgements The GreenEdge project is funded by the following French and Canadian programs and agencies: ANR (Contract #111112), ArcticNet, CERC on Remote sensing of Canada's new Arctic frontier, CNES (project #131425), French Arctic Initiative, Fondation Total, CSA, LEFE and IPEV (project #1164). This project was conducted using the Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen with the support of the Amundsen Science program funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) Major Science Initiatives (MSI) Fund. We wish to thank officers and crew of CCGS Amundsen. The project is conducted under the scientific coordination of the Canada Excellence Research Chair on Remote sensing of Canada's new Arctic frontier and the CNRS & Université Laval Takuvik Joint International Laboratory (UMI3376). The field campaign was successful thanks to the contribution of G. Bécu, J. Lagunas, D. Christiansen-Stowe, J. Sansoulet, E. Rehm, M. Benoît-Gagné, M.-H. Forget and F. Bruyant from Takuvik laboratory and J. Bourdon, C. Marec and M. Picheral from CNRS. We also thank Québec-Océan and the Polar Continental Shelf Program for their in-kind contribution in terms of polar logistics and scientific equipment.
File Size Format Processing Access
Automated Volunteer Observing Ship (AVOS) weather data 287 KB CSV Open access
Bacterial production and respiration 42 KB CSV Open access
C-OPS data 2 MB CSV Open access
Colored Disolved Organic Matter (CDOM) absorption data 21 MB CSV Open access
Chlorophyll and Phaeopigment concentration (fluorescence technique) 3 MB CSV Open access
Dry weight, Particulate Carbon and Nitrogen (CHN) 59 KB CSV Open access
CTD data 0.2m resolution with fluorescence 153 MB CSV Open access
List of the phytoplankton cultures started from natural samples during the cruise 33 KB CSV Open access
DMS and DMSP concentrations 7 KB CSV Open access
Days of Open Water (DOW) 16 KB CSV Open access
Photosynthetic and non photosynthetic eukaryotes and prokaryotes concentration (flow cytometry) 959 KB CSV Open access
Meteorological Tower data 5 MB CSV Open access
Moving Vessel Profiler data 30 MB CSV Open access
Ship Navigation data 1 MB CSV Open access
Sediment incubations data 3 KB CSV Open access
Water column nutrient concentrations 285 KB CSV Open access
Particulate absorption 34 MB CSV Open access
Continuous pCO2 and salinity 1 MB CSV Open access
Phytoplankton Taxonomy (microscopy) 4 MB CSV Open access
phytoplankton pigments concentration (HPLC) 210 KB CSV Open access
Photosynthetic parameters 47 KB CSV Open access
Downwelling radiation (pyrgeometer) 7 MB CSV Open access
Sea ice history 2 MB CSV Open access
Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) Particles 352 MB CSV Open access
Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) Zooplankton 28 MB CSV Open access
Demersal fish abundance and sizes (Beamtrawl sampling) 69 KB CSV Open access
Pelagic fish abundance and sizes (IKMT sampling) 15 KB CSV Open access
Ichthyoplankton vertical nets sampling 2 KB CSV Open access
Zooplankton abundance and diversity (vertical nets) 390 KB CSV Open access
Abundance and weight of benthic organisms 51 KB CSV Open access
Lipid biomarkers in benthic and sediment fauna 21 KB CSV Open access
Downwelling Irradiance (Ed) measured by the HyperSas 15 KB CSV Open access
Remote Sensing Reflectance (Rrs) measured by the HyperSas 9 KB CSV Open access
Bottle salinity, DIC concentration and Delta 18O 48 KB CSV Open access
Dissolved Inorganic and Organic matter concentrations 32 KB CSV Open access
Primary Production incubations experiments 42 KB CSV Open access
Biogenic and Lithogenic Silica Concentrations 38 KB CSV Open access
Silica uptake rate experiment 16 KB CSV Open access
Silicate absorption kinetics experiments (spiking of 32S) 4 KB CSV Open access
Silicate absorption kinetics experiments (spiking of 32S) with addition of nutrients 9 KB CSV Open access
Silicification of Diatoms (PDMPO fluorescence) 4 KB CSV Open access
Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) 142 MB CSV Open access
CTD data bottle file 797 KB CSV Open access
Taxonomy data Diatoms abundance Inverted microscope 21 KB CSV Open access
Drifting traps data (25m depth) 1 KB CSV Open access
Benthic Organisms identification and abundance (Agassiz trawl sampling) 27 KB CSV Open access
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Bruyant Flavienne, Amiraux Rémi, Amyot Marie-Pier, Archambault Philippe, Artigue Lise, Barbedo De Freitas Lucas, Bécu Guislain, Bélanger Simon, Bourgain Pascaline, Bricaud Annick, Brouard Etienne, Brunet Camille, Burgers Tonya, Caleb Danielle, Chalut Katrine, Claustre Hervé, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique, Coupel Pierre, Cusa Marine, Cusset Fanny, Dadaglio Laeticia, Davelaar Marty, Deslongchamps Gabrièle, Dimier Céline, Dinasquet Julie, Dumont Dany, Else Brent, Eulaers Igor, Ferland Joannie, Filteau Gabrielle, Forget Marie-Hélène, Fort Jérome, Fortier Louis, Galí-Tapías Martí, Gallinari Morgane, Garbus Svend-Erik, Garcia Nicole, Gérikas Ribeiro Catherine, Gombault Colline, Gourvil Priscilla, Goyens Clémence, Grant Cindy, Grondin Pierre-Luc, Guillot Pascal, Hillion Sandrine, Hussherr Rachel, Joux Fabien, Joy-Warren Hannah, Joyal Gabriel, Kieber David, Lafond Augustin, Lagunas José, Lajeunesse Patrick, Lalande Catherine, Larivière Jade, Le Gall Florence, Leblanc Karine, Leblanc Mathieu, Legras Justine, Levesque Keith, Lewis Kate-Marie, Leymarie Edouard, Leynaert Aude, Linkowski Thomas, Lizotte Martine, Lopes Dos Santos Adriana, Marec Claudie, Marie Dominique, Massé Guillaume, Massicotte Philippe, Matsuoka Atsushi, Miller Lisa, Mirshak Sharif, Morata Nathalie, Moriceau Brivaela, Morin Philippe-Israël, Morisset Simon, Mosbech Anders, Mucci Alfonso, Nadaï Gabrielle, Nozais Christian, Obernosterer Ingrid, Paire Timothé, Panagiotopoulos Christos, Parenteau Marie, Pelletier Noémie, Picheral Marc, Quéguiner Bernard, Raimbault Patrick, Ras Joséphine, Rehm Eric, Ribot Lacosta Llúcia, Rontani Jean-François, Saint-Béat Blanche, Sansoulet Julie, Sardet Noé, Schmechtig Catherine, Sciandra Antoine, Sempéré Richard, Sévigny Caroline, Toullec Jordan, Tragin Margot, Tremblay Jean-Eric, Trottier Annie-Pier, Vaulot Daniel, Vladoiu Anda, Xue Lei, Yunda-Guarin Gustavo, Babin Marcel (2022). The Green Edge cruise: following the evolution of the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom, from ice-covered to open waters. SEANOE.