The Green Edge cruise: following the evolution of the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom, from ice-covered to open waters

The Green Edge project was designed to investigate the onset, life and fate of a phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) in the Arctic Ocean. The lengthening of the ice-free period and the warming of seawater, amongst other factors, have induced major changes in arctic ocean biology over the last decades. Because the PSB is at the base of the Arctic Ocean food chain, it is crucial to understand how changes in the arctic environment will affect it. Green Edge was a large multidisciplinary collaborative project bringing researchers and technicians from 28 different institutions in seven countries, together aiming at understanding these changes and their impacts on the future. The fieldwork for the Green Edge project took place over two years (2015 and 2016) and was carried out from both an ice camp and a research vessel in the Baffin Bay, Canadian arctic. Here, we describe the data set obtained during the research cruise, which took place aboard the Canadian Coast Guard Ship (CCGS) Amundsen in spring 2016.


Biological oceanography, Physical oceanography


Arctic Ocean, Baffin Bay, Phytoplankton Spring Bloom, Marginal Ice Zone, Seasonal Ice Zone, Under ice bloom


74.289756N, 60.991527S, -50.903778E, -73.111267W


Automated Volunteer Observing Ship (AVOS) weather data
287 KoCSV
Bacterial production and respiration
42 KoCSV
C-OPS data
Colored Disolved Organic Matter (CDOM) absorption data
21 MoCSV
Chlorophyll and Phaeopigment concentration (fluorescence technique)
Dry weight, Particulate Carbon and Nitrogen (CHN)
59 KoCSV
CTD data 0.2m resolution with fluorescence
153 MoCSV
List of the phytoplankton cultures started from natural samples during the cruise
33 KoCSV
DMS and DMSP concentrations
Days of Open Water (DOW)
16 KoCSV
Photosynthetic and non photosynthetic eukaryotes and prokaryotes concentration (flow cytometry)
959 KoCSV
Meteorological Tower data
Moving Vessel Profiler data
30 MoCSV
Ship Navigation data
Sediment incubations data
Water column nutrient concentrations
285 KoCSV
Particulate absorption
34 MoCSV
Continuous pCO2 and salinity
Phytoplankton Taxonomy (microscopy)
phytoplankton pigments concentration (HPLC)
210 KoCSV
Photosynthetic parameters
47 KoCSV
Downwelling radiation (pyrgeometer)
Sea ice history
Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) Particles
352 MoCSV
Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) Zooplankton
28 MoCSV
Demersal fish abundance and sizes (Beamtrawl sampling)
69 KoCSV
Pelagic fish abundance and sizes (IKMT sampling)
15 KoCSV
Ichthyoplankton vertical nets sampling
Zooplankton abundance and diversity (vertical nets)
390 KoCSV
Abundance and weight of benthic organisms
51 KoCSV
Lipid biomarkers in benthic and sediment fauna
21 KoCSV
Downwelling Irradiance (Ed) measured by the HyperSas
15 KoCSV
Remote Sensing Reflectance (Rrs) measured by the HyperSas
Bottle salinity, DIC concentration and Delta 18O
48 KoCSV
Dissolved Inorganic and Organic matter concentrations
32 KoCSV
Primary Production incubations experiments
42 KoCSV
Biogenic and Lithogenic Silica Concentrations
38 KoCSV
Silica uptake rate experiment
16 KoCSV
Silicate absorption kinetics experiments (spiking of 32S)
Silicate absorption kinetics experiments (spiking of 32S) with addition of nutrients
Silicification of Diatoms (PDMPO fluorescence)
Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP)
142 MoCSV
CTD data bottle file
797 KoCSV
Taxonomy data Diatoms abundance Inverted microscope
21 KoCSV
Drifting traps data (25m depth)
Benthic Organisms identification and abundance (Agassiz trawl sampling)
27 KoCSV
How to cite
Bruyant Flavienne, Amiraux Rémi, Amyot Marie-Pier, Archambault Philippe, Artigue Lise, Barbedo de Freitas Lucas, Bécu Guislain, Bélanger Simon, Bourgain Pascaline, Bricaud Annick, Brouard Etienne, Brunet Camille, Burgers Tonya, Caleb Danielle, Chalut Katrine, Claustre Hervé, Cornet-Barthaux Véronique, Coupel Pierre, Cusa Marine, Cusset Fanny, Dadaglio Laeticia, Davelaar Marty, Deslongchamps Gabrièle, Dimier Céline, Dinasquet Julie, Dumont Dany, Else Brent, Eulaers Igor, Ferland Joannie, Filteau Gabrielle, Forget Marie-Hélène, Fort Jérome, Fortier Louis, Galí-Tapías Martí, Gallinari Morgane, Garbus Svend-Erik, Garcia Nicole, Gérikas Ribeiro Catherine, Gombault Colline, Gourvil Priscilla, Goyens Clémence, Grant Cindy, Grondin Pierre-Luc, Guillot Pascal, Hillion Sandrine, Hussherr Rachel, Joux Fabien, Joy-Warren Hannah, Joyal Gabriel, Kieber David, Lafond Augustin, Lagunas José, Lajeunesse Patrick, Lalande Catherine, Larivière Jade, Le Gall Florence, Leblanc Karine, Leblanc Mathieu, Legras Justine, Levesque Keith, Lewis Kate-Marie, Leymarie Edouard, Leynaert Aude, Linkowski Thomas, Lizotte Martine, Lopes dos Santos Adriana, Marec Claudie, Marie Dominique, Massé Guillaume, Massicotte Philippe, Matsuoka Atsushi, Miller Lisa, Mirshak Sharif, Morata Nathalie, Moriceau Brivaela, Morin Philippe-Israël, Morisset Simon, Mosbech Anders, Mucci Alfonso, Nadaï Gabrielle, Nozais Christian, Obernosterer Ingrid, Paire Timothé, Panagiotopoulos Christos, Parenteau Marie, Pelletier Noémie, Picheral Marc, Quéguiner Bernard, Raimbault Patrick, Ras Joséphine, Rehm Eric, Ribot Lacosta Llúcia, Rontani Jean-François, Saint-Béat Blanche, Sansoulet Julie, Sardet Noé, Schmechtig Catherine, Sciandra Antoine, Sempéré Richard, Sévigny Caroline, Toullec Jordan, Tragin Margot, Tremblay Jean-Eric, Trottier Annie-Pier, Vaulot Daniel, Vladoiu Anda, Xue Lei, Yunda-Guarin Gustavo, Babin Marcel (2022). The Green Edge cruise: following the evolution of the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom, from ice-covered to open waters. SEANOE.

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