Acoustic data from Warmalis 1 cruise
|Temporal extent||2021-09-06 -2021-10-02|
|Author(s)||Barbin Laure1, Habasque Jeremie2, Allain Valerie3|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR ENTROPIE, IRD, Univ Réunion, CNRS, Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie
2 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR LEMAR, IRD de Bretagne, BP70 29280 Plouzané, FRANCE
3 : Pacific Community (SPC), 95 Promenade Roger Laroque BP D5 98848 Nouméa, Nouvelle-Caledonie
|Keyword(s)||ACOUSTICS, MICRONEKTON, PACIFIC OCEAN|
This dataset contains acoustic data collected with scientific echosounders in the West Pacific between New-Caledonia, Micronesia and Papua New Guinea during a cruise performed onboard the French R/V ALIS in 2021 in the framework of the program «MICROPAC».
|Acknowledgements||We want to acknowledge R/V ALIS crew that made the survey possible.|
Continuous acoustic measurements were made with calibrated echosounders (Foote et al., 1987) Simrad EK60 connected to hull-mounted (3m below the waterline) transducers operating at four frequencies: 38, 70, 120 and 200 kHz. Data were acquired at a typical vessel speed of 8 knots with an average ping interval of 3 s. The pulse length was set at 1024 µs for all frequencies and transmit powers were of 2000, 600, 200, and 90 W for the six channels at 38, 70, 120 and 200 kHz, respectively. The water column was sampled down to depths of 800, 400, 250 and 120 m, respectively for those channels.
Acoustic data were scrutinized, corrected and analysed using the “Movies3D” software developed at the “Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer” (Ifremer; Trenkel et al., 2009) combined with the French “Institut de Recherche pour le Développement” (IRD) open source tool “Matecho” (Perrot et al., 2018), developed in MATLAB.
The near-field noise was removed (3 m deep from the transducer, that is 6 m deep from the surface) from the analysis; phantom bottom echoes were excluded and the bottom line was corrected manually. Echograms were cleaned by eliminating unwanted signals such as one impulsive noise, transient noise due to the interferences with other electronic devices or other sources. Background noise was estimated and subtracted using methods described by De Robertis and Higginbottom (2007). Echograms were scrutinized and manually cleaned. The acoustic nautical area scattering coefficient (NASC), an indicator of marine organisms biomass, and the acoustic volume backscattering strength (Sv in dB re 1m-1), an indicator of marine organisms density, were calculated. Data were echo-integrated onto 1 m high layers over 0.1 nmi ESDU (elementary sampling distance unit) with a -100 dB threshold, from 8 m down to 800 m depth. The data provided are the results of the echointegration processing.
Sensors metadata and variables are described in the report "ICES. 2016. A metadata convention for processed acoustic data from active acoustic systems. Series of ICES Survey Protocols SISP 4-TG-AcMeta. 48 pp".