Cruises PRIMO 1994 (CNR IT): Hydrographic measurements in the Sicily Channel and in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea (spring and fall 1994)

Date 2021-12-13
Temporal extent 1994-05-20 -1994-10-18
Author(s) Sparnocchia StefaniaORCID1, Borghini Mireno2
Affiliation(s) 1 : CNR-ISMAR, Trieste, Italy
2 : CNR-ISMAR, La Spezia, Italy
DOI 10.17882/85185
Publisher SEANOE
Keyword(s) CTD, Sicily Channel, Tyrrhenian Sea, Western Mediterranean

This data set contains the CTD data collected from the RV URANIA of the CNR (Italy) during the PRIMO-94 and PRIMO-94B cruises (20-29 May 1994 and 5-18 October 1994). These cruises were part of an intensive field program in the Sicily Channel and in the southern Tyrrhenian basin conducted by the Stazione Oceanografica of CNR in different periods from 1993 to 1995. Data have been used in several studies (see References).

CTD profiles were collected using a Neil-Brown MKIII CTD. The probe was calibrated in temperature and conductivity at the SACLANT Center of La Spezia, before and after each cruise, and at sea in salinity and oxygen, against  water samples. Declared instrumental precisions were 0.002 °C for temperature and 0.005 for salinity (PSS-78). 

The data set is provided per cruise as ODV Spreadsheet files in TXT format, containing:

• Cruise name

• Station number

• Type of acquisition (here C)

• Date in mon/day/yr and Time in hh:mm:ss

• Coordinates in Longitude [degrees_east] and Latitude [degrees_north]

• Bottom depth [m]

• Depth, salt water [m]

• Temperature, IPTS-68 [degC]

• Conductivity [S/m]

• Temperature, ITS-90 [degC]

• Salinity, PSS-78 (Practical Salinity)

• Dissolved oxygen [ml/l]

Licence CC-BY-NC
Utilisation These data are published without any warranty, express or implied. The user assumes all risk arising from their use. These data are intended to be quality controlled, but it is possible that they contain errors. It is the unique responsibility of the user to assess if the data are appropriate for their use, and to interpret the data, data quality, and data accuracy accordingly. Authors welcome users to ask questions and report problems.
Acknowledgements This data set was collected by the group known as the Stazione Oceanografica (Oceanographic Station) of the CNR, Pozzuolo di Lerici, La Spezia, led by Mario Astraldi and Gian Pietro Gasparini. We are grateful to Mr. Carlo Galli, Mr. Egisto Lazzoni and Mr. Domenico Bacciola for their remarkable contribution in the field and in the laboratory work. The research was funded by the EU through the MAST program (Contracts MAS2-CT93-0061 GEODYME and MAS2-CT93-0066 EUROMODEL II-MTP). The experiment in the Sicily Channel was a contribution to the IOC Programmes POEM and PRIMO.
Sensor metadata

Neil-Brown MK III CTD


EMODnet Chemistry (standardized data)

SeaDataNet (standardized data)

File Size Format Processing Access
CTD Data from PRIMO-94 9 MB ODV Open access
CTD Data from PRIMO-94B 9 MB ODV Open access
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How to cite 

Sparnocchia Stefania, Borghini Mireno (2021). Cruises PRIMO 1994 (CNR IT): Hydrographic measurements in the Sicily Channel and in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea (spring and fall 1994). SEANOE.